The idea was recently mooted as one of several taxes and fees to help stave off the financial collapse of public services in the neighbour country. The new measures are all part of Szell Kalman 2.0 programme, an update of a structural reform plan introduced by the go-vernment two years ago. According to the plan, the congestion charge would come into effect in July 2013.
The congestion fee would be introduced as a means of compensating for reduced central government subsidies to Budapest’s public transport service. Public transport was nearly shut down in recent weeks because the city didn’t have money to pay off maturing loans. The government stepped in on the condition that the city proposes a strategy for the long term financial stabi-lity of public transport, including the congestion charge.
The idea of imposing a congestion charge has been the subject of perennial debate for several years, since 2007, when it was publicly proposed at an Earth Day event by the city’s previous mayor, Gabor Demszky. Demszky later backtracked on the plan, saying it would have to wait until a number of large transport investments had been made.
A significant public transport investment – Metro Line 4 – is due to open in the spring of 2014. However, little progress has been made on another supposed prerequisite for the “success” of the congestion fee, a ring of Park and Ride facilities outside the future congestion zone. A recent article in the Hungarian local press noted that an even more basic investment, the electronic “gates” necessary for toll collection and scheme enforcement, would be virtually impossible to procure and install in just a year’s time representing the deadline up to 2013.
KTI, an independent transport research centre in Hungary, has stated that the congestion charge won’t work without the Park and Ride network, good suburban rail connections to downtown and harmonisation between the congestion charge and special tolls on heavy goods vehicles. The institute noted that congestion charges should be used to reduce congestion, not raise revenue.
Istvan Tarlos, the mayor of Budapest, the Hungarian capital, said that income from the planned congestion charge will total some USD 85.64 Million per year. The amount, the mayor says, will be spent on covering operating costs of the Hungarian capital’s public transport company BKV.