A USD 51.5 billion plan for New York transit system

New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) has released the 2020-2024 capital plan, proposing a USD 51.5 billion investment into the region’s metro, buses and railways over the next five years, to create a more reliable public transport system.
The proposed investment is the highest in the MTA’s history, increasing spending on infrastructure by 70% over current levels, which were already the highest ever.
The programme plans to invest more than USD 40 billion in New York metro system and buses, including crucial signal upgrades, as well as major investment in the Long Island Railroad and Metro-North.
“This plan expands service, increases reliability, speeds up the system, and delivers the world’s largest ever investment in accessibility, for both NYC Transit and the MTA’s commuter railroads, and at the end of this five-year period, New Yorkers will see a revitalized and modern system for the 21st century and beyond,” Patrick Foye, MTA Chairman, said.
Under the plans, USD 37.3 billion will be invested for the modernisation of metro system, by adding capacity, increasing reliability, and accelerating accessibility. USD 7.1 billion will be invested for the modernisation of the signalling system, while USD 6.1 billion will be allotted to the procurement of 1,900 new metro cars.
The Station Accessibility plan will see a USD 5.2 billion investment, envisaging 70 stations which will be equipped with new facilities for passengers with reduced mobility. In addition, for station improvements, USD 4.1 billion will be invested to perform renewal work addressing components in need of critical repair at about 175 stations, including replacement of 78 elevators and 65 escalators.
Under a USD 2.6 billion investment, New York City Transit system will see track upgrades for 96.5 km of tracks.
The Second Avenue Metro phase 2 will see a USD 4.55 billion investment. This plan includes the final installment of the SAS project, which will be financed with approximately 50% federal funds and 50% MTA resources. The MTA would build three new fully accessible stations serving 300,000 daily riders across the SAS line, and a new connection with Metro-North Railroad.
This phase will further relieve congestion on the Lexington Avenue Line and strengthen access to jobs and education for East Harlem residents.
MTA Long Island Rail Road will receive a USD 5.7 billion investment. The proposed capital plan makes the investments necessary to enable a historic transformation of the Long Island Rail Road by the planned December 2022 opening of East Side Access and Main Line Expansion. East Side Access will allow more than 160,000 daily customers to travel to Grand Central Terminal, saving commuters up to 40 minutes per day.
Main Line Expansion will add a third track on 16-km of the Main Line corridor, used by 40% of LIRR customers. These projects, along with Jamaica Capacity Improvements, will enable a 60% increase in reverse commute and a 50% increase in peak service between Manhattan and Long Island. USD 1 billion will be provided for LIRR track upgrades, USD 487 million will cover the procurement of 160 M9A new electric cars, expanding the fleet by 13%. The LIRR will purchase nearly 20 coaches and more than 10 locomotives serving the railway’s non-electrified territory.
LIRR’s station accessibility and improvements will see a USD 910 million investment, and USD 364 million will be allotted for signals and switches.
MTA Metro-North Railroad will receive USD 4.7 billion. The proposed programme advances New Haven Line access to Penn Station via four new stations in the Bronx, begins reconstruction of the Grand Central Terminal train shed and Park Avenue tunnel and viaduct (USD 895 million), begins replacement of Metro-North’s fleet of 140 M3 rail cars (USD 485 million), improves stations, prepares for capacity improvements on the Harlem Line (USD 184 million) and Port Jervis Line.

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