Hungary’s Ministry of National Development has announced that Amber rail freight corridor has been established as the member states involved signed the agreement founding the supervisory body for the corridor. The new corridor’s highest level body will be headed by Hungary in future. The rail corridor begins in the north in Warsaw and on the Polish-Belarus border and extends south all the way south to the port of Koper and the Hungarian-Serbian border. It links important Hungarian industrial centres and intermodal terminals with the Adriatic and the Balkan States. Its Hungarian stretches include the Chinese-financed Budapest-Kelebia railway. The corridor could play an outstanding role in helping the majority of goods arriving from the Far East to the ports of Koper and Athens and destined for Europe to reach Poland by rail.
Germany has joined the Orient-East Med rail freight transport corridor, thus enabling its ports in the north and on the Baltic Sea to become directly linked to Romanian ports on the Black Sea and to Turkish and Greek ports, including the Port of Piraeus.
In 2016, Transport Ministries from Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia have signed a letter of intent that was sent to the European Commission on the establishment of a the rail freight corridor, No. 11, called Amber Rail.
Practically, the Amber Rail freight corridor No 11 connects Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Slovenia and help to complete the European freight corridor network. Nodal points of the route are: Koper — Ljubljana –/Zalaszentiván — Sopron/Csorna –/(Hungarian-Serbian border) — Kelebia — Budapest –/ Komárom — Leopoldov/Rajka — Bratislava — Žilina — Katowice/Kraków — Warsaw/Łuków — Terespol — (Polish-Belarusian border).